Regular maintenance of your skis or snowboard will enhance your on-snow experience and help look after your investment for years to come.

OnTheSnow called upon Phil Gordon, Ski Equipment Buyer for Snow+Rock, to get his tips on what basic maintenance you can do at home and when to take your skis or snowboard into the shop for some much needed pampering.

HOME MAINTANANCE

You can quickly and easily do a basic ski service at home with small investment in a few key tools and materials which will help improve your on-snow experience. Phil says the two best things you can do at home is to clean and sharpen the edges and wax the base.

So what tools and materials do you need for a home ski service? For people starting out, Phil recommends purchasing something like the TOKO Ergo Race tuning tool, as well as some universal wax, a waxing iron, and a plastic scraper. Ideally you should look at getting a set of vices too to make holding the ski safer and easier.

Tuning

The process of cleaning and sharpening the edges of your skis or snowboard is called 'tuning'. By achieving sharp edges and removing any rust and chips, the glide and control will improve.

"The benefit of the TOKO Ergo Race tuning tool is that it has a file included, and has set angles for tuning the equipment so there is no need to guess what angle the file is at," says Phil. "A few quick passes of the tool will help keep the edges nice and sharp."

TOKO Ergo Race tuning tool

TOKO Ergo Race tuning tool is designed for side-edge tuning 

Watch Snow+Rock's "How to edge skis" video:

Waxing

"Ski and board bases are like skin and need to have the moisture replaced," says Phil. "A hot wax helps replace the moisture into the pores of the base making the ski move faster, smoother and helps make turning easier."

Phil recommends using a wax iron rather than a clothes iron because the wax iron is more accurate in temperature and does not have the steam holes on the base where wax can clog. "The big thing to remember is never let the wax smoke as doing this burns off the essential factors that make the wax slippery."

Phil's step-by-step to waxing skis, snowboards:

- To start, drip a small bead of wax along the length of the equipment

- There should be enough wax so that there is a thin layer between the iron base and ski.

- Be sure to keep the iron moving to avoid any hot spots on the base

- When the wax is cold and the pores have closed up, use a plastic scraper to scrap off the excess wax to leave a smooth finish on the base. You can also finish off the base by using a nylon brush. Be sure to remove any wax that is left on the edges.

waxing a snowboard

Waxing a snowboard at home. Courtesy of Frank Rebelo

Watch Snow+Rock's "How to wax your skis and snowboard" video:

IN THE WORKSHOP

In the Snow+Rock workshop you can have all sorts of repairs done, like sharpening and tuning edges, replacing base material and installing new edges. The most requested service is the full ski service, so what does it include?

Full ski service:

Repairing . . . Any small scratches and holes are filled with industrial P-Tex. When cool, it is scraped off and the base material is levelled out. If holes are deep or an odd shape, technicians can cut a shape P-Tex material form and replace and repair the damage to the ski, then level out the base to make it flat again.

"The key factor in the full service is having structure embedded in the base," says Phil. "The structure works like a tyre tread; where a tyre works to pump water away allowing for more grip, the structure helps regulate how much fluid is under the base helping the ski slide smoother and faster. The rule of thumb would be that a fine thin linear structure is good for cold dry snow and a coarse cross structure is better for more damp conditions."

Tuning . . . The tuning takes place on one of the ceramic edging machines. This discs, which are concave cup shaped, sharpen, tune and polish the edge as it passes along the length of the ski or board. One pass will do the base edges and one pass will to the side edge. The process also removes rust and sets the edges.

Waxing . . . Wax will be applied to the base to help make the most of the tune and put needed moisture back in.

A servicing machine at Snow&Rock

A ski service machine at Snow+Rock

When to service skis, snowboards

To make sure equipment is kept in the best shape possible, Phil recommends getting a full service done at the start of the year and to wax your skis every day while on holiday and touch up the edges to remove any nicks or burrs. Then when you come home if there is no real damage to the base you should be able to either maintain your equipment with your own tools or get an edge and wax done in store. If you've got stone or edge damage, he says you may want to consider a more indepth service.

At the end of the year it is important to place a storage wax on your equipment, this can be done in a workshop or at home. A thick layer of wax is applied to the base and over the edges, but Phil says the most important thing is that it is not scraped off. This helps prevent the base and edges from oxidizing in the summer months.